What Is the ‘Bystander Effect’ and How Do People Overcome It?

This tale appeared in the June 2020 issue as “Action!” Subscribe to Explore magazine for extra stories like this.


On April nine, 2017, 3 safety officers from the Chicago Division of Aviation forcibly eliminated David Dao from an overbooked United Airlines flight. Dao, a sixty nine-year-outdated health practitioner, was dragged down the plane’s aisle immediately after he refused to give up his seat. In the approach, his head hit an armrest and he was knocked unconscious.

The passengers plainly recognized what was happening: Several took out their telephones and filmed the scene and later on expressed their outrage loudly on social media. Still at the time, only just one female said nearly anything, yelling out, “What are you carrying out?” No just one confronted the officers or intervened to avoid what was plainly inappropriate habits.

At some level, this is hardly surprising. Numerous scientific studies have demonstrated that we are

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