Written by John Mao (2020/03)

Editor’s Notice: SP stands for “Security and Protection”, and SS for “Security and Safety”.

When we search back numerous a long time immediately after, we may agree the summary that the coronavirus pandemic in 2020 is a important turning stage of global social and economic scenarios, and it would seem destined fate of human currently being.

In the earlier decade, the global economic climate has been likely downward spiral slowly but surely, in the loop way that “going descent – pulled up by technologies and governmental economic stimulus – likely down yet again – pulled up yet again – “. The 2020 pandemic is a extremely massive strike to make this spherical downward likely worse.

Picture credit: pxfuel.com, CC0 General public Area

There’re two Chinese outdated saying which I think correctly describe the truth of human nature, the initial is “no coffin, no tears”, the 2nd is “ forget the pain when the wound has healed. ”.

As person we may study a whole lot from what knowledgeable and turn into smarter and more rational. But as team human currently being by no means study the classes from their record. Thousands a long time of our record convey to us only a single issue: it is just a language repeater.

This pandemic is not the last a single, it is just a symbol and omen. The approaching events may a great deal more large which will split although our imaginations about “ great alterations, important crisis, and tragic disasters”. As a compact get started, let’s accept the reality that these virus and microorganisms will dwell with us endlessly.

So, in our SP/SS business, large alterations will take area, some could be observed now, and numerous will arise in the in close proximity to foreseeable future.

Although I am a pessimist about the foreseeable future, we persons in engineering area have to be liable and obligate. Science and engineering has two significant results to the social growth, the initial a single is to be economic climate driver, the 2nd is to solve issues prompted by other social movements or components. So to push economic climate and to get rid of social issues are our obligation and business price, which we all have to undertake.

Underneath conversations are all based mostly on technological stage, not involve organization administration and growth, money make investments, and many others., for the purpose that technologies and merchandise and the real important basis.

one. The extension of the scope of SP/SS

This time during and immediately after the coronavirus pandemic, we can see and consider some really significant alterations when we discuss about what the SP/SS genuinely necessarily mean, and for what scope they can be practical and source security.

I advise my viewpoints on two new ideas which I name as “New SP/SS”, and “Grand SP/SS”.

In regular SP/SS devices, these types of as keep an eye on and surveillance, obtain/channel manage, IT safety, as very well as safety look at, security zone, intrusion prevention, explosion-evidence, and many others., the targets of these types of security devices are unauthorized, illegal and violent behaviors of persons.

From now on, the objectives and targets of a safety and security procedure, must also involve sickness and pathogens, particularly the epidemic virus and microorganisms.

Wholesome basic safety would also be significant to private and even procedure safety, unhealthy states of person must be monitored, surveilled, analyzed and responded.

By adding the unhealthy states surveillance and processing into the regular safety procedure, we have a new procedure which I simply call it the “New SP/SS”.

Numerous a long time in the past, we began to name the damaging and harmful computer system method as “virus”, now it is time to use the first indicating of virus in our safety procedure, is it fairly ironical?

In this article are some situations to describe what the New SP/SS features will be:

  • Clever surveillance and assessment procedure, besides the first targets, will incorporate at least two kinds of variable into, the initial form is medical indications/index these types of as temperature, blood pressure, coronary heart charge, and so on. The 2nd form is some uncommon behaviors related to unhealthy states these types of as cough, sneeze, swipe eye regularly, hand on head (typical gesture when headache or dizziness), weak and stand-difficult, move gradual and unstable, and many others. the New SP/SS procedure will also keep an eye on and examine these types of behaviors and mail warning or execute other real time reaction.
  • In transportation safety look at procedure, besides the offensive weapon and resources, flammable and explosives look at, system temperature checking would be a ought to.
  • The obtain manage and interior surveillance of colleges and some delicate corporations need to have temperature look at or even uncomplicated and rapidly health and fitness look at, the remedies or equipment of uncomplicated and rapidly professional medical assessment would be really promising.
  • In money and governmental products and services windows, long distance and non-get in touch with (even concealed) temperature checking procedure will be greatly acknowledged. Built-in with metallic detecting procedure would be much better.
  • In some closed transportation space these types of as ship, aircraft, and prepare, real time health and fitness checking is important need to have. Similar techs and merchandise will be popular.
  • Some mass-attendance scenarios these types of as restaurant, cinema and theater, stadium, temperature checking will definitely be included into the surveillance procedure.

What I name the “Grand SP/SS” means a full procedure which will comprise of regular SP/SS, plus security remedies for person, and the community and data communication link the two components. The security remedies for person will be a blend of novel private safety and health and fitness security means which will be described down below. In the Grand SP/SS procedure, security devices for firm and public safety will connect with security devices for person so to create up a full procedure on to the 5G, massive data and cloud processing infrastructure.

The thoughts of New SP/SS and Grand SP/SS advise really a whole lot calls for which must be contented, so to lengthen the definition and scope of regular SP/SS concept. I believe that these new development and new remedies will arise in 2 or 3 a long time.

2. The significant considerations when layout New SP/SS and Grand SP/SS

As described over, the Grand SP/SS involve protections for firm and public fascination, as very well as for private safety and health and fitness. The latter is overlooked by regular SP/SS devices.

To layout a New and Grand SP/SS procedure, there’re two significant considerations. Contactless layout, and energetic protecting answer for person.

The energetic private safety and health and fitness security layout may involve the subsequent:

  • Novel and clever wearable unit, machines or private products.
  • The risk and convenience for identity verification when below these types of security machines and products, how to use biometrics?
  • What improvements on new sensors and wearable computing CPU must be the ought to?
  • If the private protecting answer has a real “shell”, then how to make the data accumulating from outside and inside of of the shell? Also the data transmission involving interior and outer must be thoroughly created.
  • Own security must involve the detection of the small-distance atmosphere and warning when damaging and harmful states be detected.
  • Crisis reaction and actions must be regarded as.

Contactless technologies and patterns are most significant in new and grand SP/SS devices. These types of as:

  • Contactless sensing and look at, for illustration, contactless biometrics, contactless temperature/blood pressure/coronary heart charge capturing, and uncommon behaviors checking, or even brief professional medical look at without the need of get in touch with.
  • Distinct distance for contactless patterns satisfy distinctive calls for, the distance could be tens of centimeters, numerous meters, or tens of meters.
  • Wi-fi data capture, transit and reception, in the networked procedure layout which combine private security machines with the SP/SS procedure.
  • Rapid detection and checkup at user-conclude, but linked with data center and cloud processing (surveillance and assessment) via IoT.
  • Scalable procedure construction and versatile deployment.
  • Join and data share with public/nationwide safety and public products and services, to kind a extensive procedure.

3. Products development in New and Grand SP/SS

In the in close proximity to foreseeable future, new merchandise and remedies with the concept of new and grand SP/SS would be popular, like the followings.

3.one. Surveillance and obtain manage

Other than the first merchandise and construction, the new clever surveillance procedure will also address heath states checking, which can be divided into two significant sectors: the primary index of health and fitness states these types of as system temperature, blood pressure and coronary heart charge, and many others., and some uncommon behaviors which indicate a unhealthy person, these types of as cough, sneeze, swipe eye regularly, hand on head (typical gesture when headache or dizziness), weak and tricky-to-stand, move gradual and unstable, and many others.

The new devices must capture, transmit, examine and keep all the over indexes and data, with all these operates and data on the net, to create up a networked, clever, and all-coated surveillance procedure consistent with our new and grand SP/SS concept.

Contactless capturing and checking technologies of system temperature and other health and fitness states index will greatly built-in into surveillance and obtain/channel manage devices in public locations, transportation, instruction and hospital, governmental products and services, firm and corporations. And these devices will have a tendency to share data or even processing capacity in the foreseeable future, to kind an all-coated social safety and basic safety community.

Sensing and capturing technologies on private health and fitness condition index, and the rapidly assessment and identification technologies, will with each other kind the so named QPC (brief actual physical checkup) answer and will be greatly acknowledged in the in close proximity to foreseeable future.

Those people thermal imaging procedure presently used in armed forces base and prisons will be upgraded, incorporate into system temperature and other health and fitness states checking to kind an modern multifunctional procedure .

Distinct sensors and novel analytical technologies will be most significant for over new apps. New sensors and analytical software R&D will be speedy growing, massive data and device understanding would be their solid base.

3.2. Identity verification remedies

At present most obtain/channel manage, time attendance, IT safety and ID card apps are all employing biometrics as identity verifying technologies. Biometrics will also be greatly used in the foreseeable future but contactless techs would be more competitive. Presented the special situation when the customers have to be shielded with mask, goggles, gloves and protective outfits, voice verification, iris verification and gait recognition would have more probability.

In some uncommon situations get in touch with biometrics these types of as fingerprint will remain acknowledged. If it is upgraded to have contactless processing capacity it can get more acceptance. For illustration, considering that we have some layout of delicate and versatile fingerprint sensor chip and wearable processing chip, we may capture the fingerprints inside of (from the interior layer of) gloves, and then transmit wirelessly to a trusted outside verification engine, to create up a contactless and useful fingerprint verifying procedure even when the user is entirely professional medical shielded (with mask, goggles, gloves, and protective outfits).

Laser projection keyboard tech offers PIN a new and contactless use risk. This is a useful engineering nowadays.

Identity verification technologies used in money and baking institutes, governmental products and services will satisfy new calls for and problems. Procedure layout must think about two kinds of security sectors which we described over, procedures against riot/robbery and private health and fitness states checking.

Facial recognition is present most popular in these types of application situations, but with a mask the procedure will fail. Iris and voice verification are expected to be greatly acknowledged. Of system, if we incorporate some special features on to the regular machines these types of as attaching UV mild unit, or automatic brushing on to the fingerprint capture window, we can make fingerprint urgent safely. These types of improvement may also re-burst the legacy sector.

3.3. Security for person

Security remedies based mostly on private health and fitness states are nearly blank in sector, immediately after this pandemic, large probabilities will arise. If incorporate into clever and community connecting capacity, that will create up the 2nd significant element in new and grand SP/SS procedure.

We forecast the subsequent products features for these types of improvements:

  • Shielding merchandise for respiratory procedure. Innovative mask/confront veil/professional medical hood/nasal stopper (for breath purification) would be promising. The innovation of these types of merchandise must aim on effortless and relaxed use, not only technological features. Also these new merchandise must be electrical/digital and clever as a great deal as feasible, so to connect to qualifications procedure community.
  • Protecting outfits with automatic pasteurization and sterilization. Some new resources or new prescription drugs will make this useful.
  • How to use biometrics below entire professional medical security is a extremely massive dilemma and obstacle to the biometric business. How to use or adjust to use existing technologies, and how to produce new biometrics, will need to have to be contented. Capture biometrics inside of security and contactless sensing are two significant key considerations of R&D. Wi-fi transmission and trusted processing are significant promise.
  • Thorough security unit for person will involve distinctive sensors, wearable computing, wi-fi communication, screen, and could be personalized.
  • The extensive private security unit must also detect and examine the atmosphere states (air ailment, radiation, other person nearby with unhealthy indexes, and many others.) and mechanically notify.

As to private consumer merchandise employing biometric technologies, these types of as mobile cellular phone, clever lock and padlock, tablet and Computer, would not be needed to use these contactless and wi-fi biometrics. But for these types of layout, if some innovation can effortlessly increase the health and fitness basic safety, that will raise the sector yet again. For illustration, we can use special resources to make the coating of the fingerprint sensor fairly antibacterial and virus resistance.

4. Conclusions

As a summary of over descriptions, let’s evaluation and make the subsequent conclusions:

– Common safety and security procedure features, plus the new written content targeted on private health and fitness states checking to make the procedure safer and more comprehensive, will with each other create up a new procedure, I name it as “ New SP/SS”, vary from regular SP/SS.

– Own security unit and machines will make person actual physical and professional medical safer. The safety and security procedure for person would also be digital/electrical and linked wirelessly with SP/SS procedure, on the infrastructure and platform of 5G, IoT, massive data and cloud processing, all these with each other compose a extensive SP/SS, which I name it as “Grand SP/SS system”. The New and Grand SP/SS ideas specific my significant factors on the evolution development of safety and security business.

– As to what we can do from this minute, research of kinds of distinctive sensors (contactless sensing and wi-fi transmit chips), and more analytical software (for illustration, S/W on assessment of uncommon behaviors pertinent to unhealthy states) growth will be very good alternatives. Equipment understanding will be most significant to analytical software growth. Of system, how to make some get in touch with technologies adjust to be used contactlessly would also be meaningful operates we can do now.